【云顶娱乐】2015考研英语:三种方法增强复试语言逻辑

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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都是要求考生就某种现实现象或观点发表自己的看法,内容多是考生所熟悉的社会热点话题或大学生生活题材。写好四级作文有两个关键点:第一,根据英文的表达习惯来安排写作结构;第二,用自己熟悉的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出自己的观点和看法。因此,老师将按照起承转合的结构安排,为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的重点关联词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有用的素材。

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  • 2015年考研国家线已公布
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  • 2015年考研考生发布调剂意向区

  (一)起

一、开头句型

  • 2014中国教育APP测评报告发布
    详细榜单
  • 业内声音:在线教育三五年内出现完整体系
  • 视频:指尖上的中国教育
    移动时代再创业
  • 濮存昕做客盛典:六字人生心得影响年轻人
  • 台湾培训学校为何衰败
    韩国智能在线教育

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续开始,很多过初试的考生已经开始了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考。能不能取得最后的成功,英语复试是一个关键。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  在前一篇的考研[微博]英语写作复习攻略二里提到了大作文引入段的写作方法,大家不断练习能够写出高水平的第一段,进而给阅卷老师留下深刻的印象。接下来进入第二段意义阐述段的攻略讲解。对于考研作文议论文来说,涉及的主题无非就是重要的或者有害的。

  自我介绍还可以提前背一背,可如果抽到一个随机的话题让我们展开叙说的话,就会有一定的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍几种展开话题的方法,希望大家能够运用上,使自己的言语表达更加的清晰流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 不言而喻,…

  在这一段,第一句提出论点,论点要准确,即话题要趋同不要跑题;论点要清晰,即在首句中要有能够涵盖主题的关键词;论点要精彩,即语言要有亮点,比如采用一些复杂语法像非谓语动词、从句类、介词短语等。第二句可用虚拟语气强调论点,如正面话题,Were
there no the Hope Project, those children would never receive the
precious knowledge. 可提炼出这样的句式:Were there no sth., sb. would
never do sth. 如负面话题,Were the situation to continue, we would pay
high price.
第三句就论点展开论述,就如同中文中的论证方法有对比论证、举例论证、引用名言论证等等,下边介绍几种常用方法:

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

3.It can be said with certainty that… 可以肯定地说……

  (一)因果法

  因果法是用来解释“为什么”的问题。我们可以根据一个结果去推导其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后过程要合乎逻辑和常理。例如:“你为什么考研”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  1.There are many causes/reasons for the dramatic growth/decrease.
Firstly,…secondly,…finally,.。.

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  2. A number of factors can account for the change in.。.

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  (二)例证法

  定义法可以用来阐述“是什么”的问题,即用一段话来解释说明某个抽象的概念或具体事物的性质、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 我们可以用如下形式来展开论述:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 这可能是因为…

  1. As an example of the power of love, we should remember how the
Chinese people of all nationalities respond to the call to help the
victims of natural disasters every year. Although their incomes are
still low by international standards, people all over the country do not
hesitate to donate whatever they can — be it money or goods—to help
their needy fellow citizens. Moreover, they do this with no thought of
gain for themselves。(01年)  

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 这是很难的……

  2. A case in point is the successful launching of “Shenzhou 7
Spacecraft” which sets china in a high position of aviation and space
flight. Although it means a great achievement for us Chinese, we are
facing new challenges in the future and need to do further research in
space technology. Another illustration is closely related to us, the
examinees. If we pass this test and are fortunately admitted by a
university, we shall not stop making efforts. Instead, we are confronted
with the challenge of conquering the difficult graduate courses. We
still have to strive for success in our future academic study,
employment and career。(04年) 

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

9.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它几乎没有太多的说…

  (三)比较与对比法

  例证是为了证明主题而存在的。当主题为理论性或概述的论点时,就需要通过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要注意逻辑严密。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…需要特别注意的是

  The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies
only in the way each treats opportunities. The successful person always
make adequate preparations to meet… as they duly arrive. The
unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just waits to
see them pass by. Obviously, the two different attitudes towards
opportunities may lead to quite different consequences。

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关联词语或重点词汇:

11.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可否认

  大家在论证方法上可以多种方法同时采用,比如上文例证法01年的爱心主题例子是在遇到自然灾害的时候,中国人民无私捐献财力物力;04年的例子是神舟七号卫星发射的成功既是机遇又是挑战,另一个例子是如果考上研究生对于大家既是机遇也是挑战。建议大家的一点是在例证法上,要多积累一些时事、时下励志人物等相关的例子,在考试之前准备好,可以找老师帮忙翻译好,在考试时可以信手拈来。各位考生,坚持就是胜利,预祝大家都能取得自己满意的成绩!

  总之,考研复试时,拿到题目后应立刻审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,这样会使你的阐述更具逻辑性。展开的方法就是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。另外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交流,紧紧地抓住对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多锻炼与人交流的能力。祝大家考研复试顺利,超常发挥,顺利进入自己心仪的学校!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有什么比这更重要的是…

  来源:文都教育

  来源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

13.what‘s far more important is that… 更重要的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

1.A case in point is … 一个典型的例子是…

【云顶娱乐】2015考研英语:三种方法增强复试语言逻辑。  因果:

2.As is often the case…由于通常情况下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
然而问题并非如此简单,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……

  举例:

7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外,我们坚持认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

8.However , the difficulty lies in…然而,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,我们要注意…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

11.In view of the present station。鉴于目前形势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

12.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所提到的…

  因果:

13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这个角度上我们可以说

  There are several reasons for…

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

三、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最后我要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因此,我们有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

3.All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said
that…它可以有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…因此,在我看来,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数据我们得到的结论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从中我们可以得出这样的结论

  (三)转

8.From my point of view, it would be better if…在我看来……也许更好

  转折:

四、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

五、常用于引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

1.Some people think that … 有些人认为…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。坦率地说,我不能同意他们的意见,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

2.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……一直被视为……,但今天的情况有很大的不同。

  (四)合

3.I believe the title statement is valid because…
我认为这个论点是正确的,因为…

  1. 关联词汇或重点词汇:

4.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …我无法完全同意这一观点的…
I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

5.My argument for this view goes as follows。我对这个问题的看法如下。

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

6.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的发展,越来越多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

7.There is a long-running debate as to
whether…有一个长期运行的辩论,是否…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

8.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized
that…它通常是认为…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to
stop/prevent…

9.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the
latter。就我而言,我完全同意前者/后者。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the
argument of both sides。在给出我的观点之前,我想有必要看看双方的论据。

  以上这些词汇、短语和句型对于考生来说都是相当有用的写作素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在考试中能够运用自如。

六、表示比较和对比的常用句型和表达法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

七、演绎法常用的句型

1.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to
three major ones。有几个原因……,但一般,他们可以归结为三个主要的。

2.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are
the most typical ones。有许多因素可能占…,但以下是最典型的。

3.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following
ones may be most
effective。有很多方法可以解决这个问题,但下面的可能是最有效的。

4.Generally, the advantages can be listed as
follows。一般来说,这些优势可以列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

八、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence /
consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

4.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve
learned a lot。由于阅读这本书,我们已经学到了很多。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

8.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。
吃太多导致超重。

九、段首万能句子

1。关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people
suggest that ____。

2。俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our
forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

3。现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……更为糟糕的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily
life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is
that______。

4。现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______
because ______。Besides,______。

5。任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz13.cn)它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has
both advantages and disadvantages。

6。关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some
people say that ______。To them,_____。

7。人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and
more serious。

8。……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the
young and heated debates are right on their way。

9。……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our
day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some
serious problems as well。

10。根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……很显然……,但是为什么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar
graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______
while.Obviously,______,but why?

十、中间段落万能句子

1。相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same
time,they say____。

2。但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……最糟糕的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For
example,____。Worst of all,___。

3。……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……而且……,最重要的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and
construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most
important of all,______。

4。有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

5。面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……一方面……,另一方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective
measures to______。For one thing,______For
another,______

6。早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……所有这些方法肯定会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For
example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will
certainly______。

7。为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second
reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the
main cause of ______due to ______。

8。然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides,
______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

9。尽管如此,我相信……更有利。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

10。完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

十一、结尾万能句子

1。至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some
extent.I think that ____。

2。总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem
of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

3。但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example,
_____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I
prefer to______。

4。就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that
a bright future is awaiting us because______。

5。随着社会的发展,……因此,迫切需要……如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and
necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself
to the society, it will be better and better。

6。至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can
you _____。

7。对我来说,我认为有必要……原因如下:第一,……;
第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as
follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not
least,______。

8。在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it
depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a
personal point of view find______。

9。综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the
conclusion that____。

10。如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and
some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____。

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